STATE GOAL 12:

Understand the fundamental concepts, principles and interconnections of the life, physical and earth/space sciences.

B. Know and apply concepts that describe how living things interact with each other and with their environment./p>

12.B.2b Identify physical features of plants and animals that help them live in different environments (e.g., specialized teeth for eating certain foods, thorns for protection, insulation for cold temperature).

Descriptors:

12B - Students who meet the standard know and apply concepts that describe how living things interact with each other and with their environment.

Apply scientific inquiries or technological designs to compare the adaptations of physical features of organisms to their environments, identifying the physical features that help plants or animals survive in their environments, or reporting on a specific plant or animal which has adapted to different environments over time.

STATE GOAL 13:

Understand the relationships among science, technology and society in historical and contemporary contexts.

B. Know and apply concepts that describe the interaction between science, technology and society.

13.B.2f Analyze how specific personal and societal choices that humans make affect local, regional and global ecosystems (e.g., lawn and garden care, mass transit).

Descriptors:

13B - Students who meet the standard know and apply concepts that describe the interaction between science, technology, and society.

Associate the interactions of technology in science and societal situations, comparing and contrasting its impact, risks and benefits in historical and current physical environmental settings, evaluating available data models of this impact, displaying graphically the influences of these interactions in the lives and careers of people, investigating ways that technology has changed local, national or global environments.

STATE GOAL 16:

Understand events, trends, individuals and movements shaping the history of Illinois, the United States and other nations.

C. Understand the development of economic systems.

16.C.2c (US) Describe significant economic events including industrialization, immigration, the Great Depression, the shift to a service economy and the rise of technology that influenced history from the industrial development era to the present.

Descriptors:

16C - Students who meet the standard understand the development of economic systems.

Identify the different types of economic activities of early people in Illinois (e.g., Native Americans, pioneers). (US)

Describe how the environment affected the economic activities of the early people of Illinois. (US)

D. Understand Illinois, United States and world social history.

16.D.2a (US) Describe the various individual motives for settling in colonial America.

16.D.2b (US) Describe the ways in which participation in the westward movement affected families and communities.

Descriptors:
16D - Students who meet the standard understand Illinois, United States, and world social history.
Locate examples/stories of the changing roles of people over time. (US)

Identify the turning points in local, Illinois, and United States social history. (US)

Compare the life of people of various social status in the past to people of the same status during another time period. (US)

E. Understand Illinois, United States and world environmental history.

16.E.2a (US) Identify environmental factors that drew settlers to the state and region.

16.E.2b (US) Identify individuals and events in the development of the conservation movement including John Muir, Theodore Roosevelt and the creation of the National Park System.

16.E.2c (US) Describe environmental factors that influenced the development of transportation and trade in Illinois

Descriptors:
16E - Students who meet the standard understand Illinois, United States, and world environmental history.
Describe how hunter-gatherer cultures in the pre-colonial Illinois country and other regions of North America used the environment in terms of securing food, shelter, clothing, and tools (technology). (US)

STATE GOAL 17:

Understand world geography and the effects of geography on society, with an emphasis on the United States.

C. Understand relationships between geographic factors and society.

17.C.2a Describe how natural events in the physical environment affect human activities.
17.C.2b Describe the relationships among location of resources, population distribution and economic activities (e.g., transportation, trade, communications).

17.C.2c Explain how human activity affects the environment.

Descriptors:
17C - Students who meet the standard can understand relationships between geographic factors and society.
Compare ways in which people in urban and rural communities meet their needs from the environment.
Identify resources whose value has changed over time as technology has changed.
Observe, describe, and record changes in the local environment over time.

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Wild Illinois History is presented by the Illinois Department of Natural Resources.